Let’s Talk about … 一定係佢地啦…
唔知幾時開始，我地香港人，以至大陸人，以致名嘴，政客，都喜歡拿一件個別事件去指責一個族群。我曾經都有份。有一個大陸客去老砵痾屎，我地放上FACEBOOK，YOUTUBE，whatever，概括並指責那族群IN ENTIRETY衞生意識欠佳。有警員濫用私刑，我地FACEBOOK，YOUTUBE，whatever，概括並指責那專業AS A WHOLE都是正仆街。件事當然是唔科學啦。當然是討厭啦。當然是低質啦。
但當有智或有志之士，企圖用反証去指出這謬論時，就會Swing the pendulum to another extreme。有美國人做一些普羅大眾意識歧見下認為只會"大陸佬"才會做的醜事，有人就一句"一定係中國人啦"/"中國邊個省". 有香港人做一些普羅大眾意識歧見下認為只會"大陸佬"才會做的醜事，如在火車坐位大字型睡眠，有人就一句"一定係中國人啦"/"一定係新移民啦"。當然潛台詞好清楚，就是over generalization / simplification。但其實亦帶出另一個潛台詞，或至少令聽者感到一個潛台詞，就是你_ _ 人咪一撚樣….。其實無問題。但這樣的潛台詞，就都是返回over generalization / simplification。正正就是大家想指出的問題。
當然其實日常的說話大多都是over generalization / simplification，因為我們唔會為日常生活每一句STATEMENT都嘗試做STATISTICS的。而自問亦冇足夠的智慧，去有效亦合宜指出這問題，望人三思。但我剛看到的TO KILL A MOCKINGBIRD，ATTICUS的結案陳詞，就正正是這個問題指出的最好示範，請容我抄出來(本人抄野從來最在行)：
‘And so, a quiet, respectable, humble Negro who had the unmitigated temerity to “feel sorry" for a white woman has had to put his word against two white people’s. I need not remind you of their appearance and conduct on the stand – you saw them for yourselves. The witnesses for the state, with the exception of the sheriff of Maycomb County, have presented themselves to you gentlemen, to this court, in the cynical confidence that their testimony would not be doubted, confident that you gentlemen would go along with them on assumption – the evil assumption – that all Negroes lie, that all Negroes are basically immoral beings, that all Negro men are not to be trusted around our women, an assumption one associates with minds of their calibre.
‘Which, gentlemen, we know is in itself a lie as black as Tom Robinson’s skin, a lie I do not have to point out to you. You know the truth, and the truth is this: some Negroes lie, some Negroes are immoral, some Negro men are not to be trusted around our women – black and white. But this is a truth that applies to the human race and to no particular race of men…’